Papers by Category


A comprehensive list of my work can be found on my CV .

Recent Working Papers
Race, Ethnicity and Segregation
Immigration
Wage Structures, Skills and Technology
Unemployment and Labor Supply
Health Insurance
Minimum Wages
Welfare and Training Programs
Unions and Collective Bargaining
Education
Miscellaneous
Moldy Oldies


Recent Working Papers

"Nine Facts about Top Journals in Economics" (With Stefano DellaVigna), NBER Working Paper 18665, January 2013.

"Nonlinear Policy Rules and the Identification and Estimation of Casual Effects in a Generalized Regression Kink Design" (with Zhuan Pei, David Lee, and Andrea Weber), November 2012.

"How Do Authors Respond to Page Limits?" (with Stefano DellaVigna), October 2012.

"Workplace Heterogeneity and the Rise of West German Wage Inequality" (with Joerg Heining and Patrick Kline), August 2012.

"Peer Effects and Multiple Equilibria in the Risky Behavior of Friends" (with Laura Giuliano), May 2012.

"Can Compulsory Military Service Raise Civilian Wages? Evidence from the Peacetime Draft in Portugal.." (with Ana Rute Cardoso), December 2011.


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Race, Ethnicity and Segregation

"Are Mixed Neighborhoods Always Unstable? Two-Sided and One-Sided Tipping." (with Alexandre Mas and Jesse Rothstein) NBER Working Paper 14470, November 2008.

"Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation." (with Alexandre Mas and Jesse Rothstein), Quarterly Journal of Economics, April 2007.

"Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation in Neighborhoods and Schools." (with Alexandre Mas and Jesse Rothstein), Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 515, October 2006.

"Racial Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap." (with Jesse Rothstein), Journal of Public Economics, March 2006.

"Would the Elimination of Affirmative Action Affect Highly Qualified Minority Applicants? Evidence from California and Texas." (with Alan B. Krueger), Industrial and Labor Relations Review 53, April 2005.

"Trends in Relative Black-White Earnings Revisited." (with Alan Krueger), American Economic Review 83, May 1993.


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Immigration

"Comment: The Elusive Search For Negative Wage Impacts of Immigration." Journal of European Economics Association, 2012

"Immigration, Wages, and Compositional Amenities" (with Christian Dustmann and Ian Preston), Journal of European Economic Association (forthcoming). Volume 10, Issue 1, February 2012.

Richard T. Ely Lecture: "Immigration and Inequality" American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 2009.

"Immigration and Inequality." NBER Working Paper 14683, January 2009.

"The Diffusion of Mexican Immigrants During the 1990s: Explanations and Impacts." (with Ethan G. Lewis), In George Borjas, editor, Mexican Immigration. University of Chicago Press, 2007.

"How Immigration Affects U.S. Cities. " Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration Discussion Paper 11/07, June 2007.

"Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?" Economic Journal 115, November 2005.

"Understanding Attitudes to Immigration: The Migration and Minority Module of the first European Social Survey." (with Christian Dustmann and Ian Preston), Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration Discussion Paper 03/05.

"Values, Experience and Attitudes: A Cross-National Analysis of Opinions on Immigration in Europe." (with Christian Dustmann and Ian Preston), European Social Survey Launch Conference, November 2003.

"Symposium on 'Second-Generation Immigrants and the Transition to Ethnic Minorities.'" (with Christoph M. Schmidt), Journal of Population Economics, 2003.

"Canadian Emigration to the United States." In Charles Beach, editor, Canadian Immigration Policy for the 21st Century Kingston, Ontario: John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy, 2003.

"Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration." Journal of Labor Economics 19, January 2001.

"Do Immigrant Inflows Lead to Native Outflows?" (with John E. DiNardo), American Economic Review 90, May 2000.

"The More Things Change: Immigrants and the Children of Immigrants in the 1940s, the 1970s, and the 1990s." (with John E. DiNardo and Eugena Estes), In George J. Borjas, editor, Issues in the Economics of Immigration, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

"Immigration and Wages: Evidence from the 1980s." (with Kristin Butcher), American Economic Review 81, May 1991.

"The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-Skilled Natives." (with Joseph Altonji), In John Abowd and Richard B. Freeman, editors, Immigration, Trade and Labor Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

"The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 43, January 1990.


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Wage Structures, Skill, and Technology

"Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction." (with Alexandre Mas, Enrico Moretti, and Emmanuel Saez) NBER Working Paper, No. 16396, September 2010.

"Skill Biased Technical Change and Rising Wage Inequality: Some Problems and Puzzles." (with John E. DiNardo), Journal of Labor Economics 20, October 2002.

"Technology and U.S. Wage Inequality: A Brief Look." (with John E. DiNardo), Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review, Third Quarter 2002.

"Changes in the Relative Structure of Wages and Employment: A Comparison of the United States, Canada, and France." (with Francis Kramarz and Thomas Lemieux), Canadian Journal of Economics 32, August 1999.

"Does Inflation 'Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market'?" (with Dean Hyslop), In Christina D. Romer and David H. Romer, editors, Reducing Inflation: Motivation and Strategy University of Chicago Press, 1997.

"Wage Dispersion, Returns to Skill, and Black-White Wage Differentials." (with Thomas Lemieux), Journal of Econometrics 74, October 1996.

"The Wage Curve: A Review." Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 343, February 1995.

"Changing Wage Structure and Black-White Differentials Among Men and Women: A Longitudinal Analysis." (with Thomas Lemieux), NBER Working Paper Series, No. 4755, May 1994.


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Unemployment and Labor Supply

"Origins of the Unemployment Rate: The Lasting Legacy of Measurement without Theory." American Economic Association Meetings, February 2011.

"Active Labor Market Policy Evaluations: A Meta-Analysis." (with Jochen Kluve and Andrea Weber), NBER Working Paper 16173, July 2010.

"The Spike at Benefit Exhaustion: Leaving the Unemployment System or Starting a New Job?" (with Raj Chetty and Andrea Weber), American Economic Review, May 2007.

"Cash-on-Hand and Competing Models of Intertemporal Behavior: New Evidence from the Labor Market." (with Raj Chetty and Andrea Weber), Quaterly Journal of Economics, October 2006.

"Extended Benefits and the Duration of UI Spells: Evidence from the New Jersey Extended Benefit Program." (with Phillip Levine), Journal of Public Economics 78, October 2000.

"Adapting to Circumstances: The Evolution of Work, School, and Living Arrangements Among North American Youth." (with Thomas Lemieux), In David Blanchflower and Richard Freeman, editors, Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

"Recent Trends in the Economic Status of North American Youth."(with Thomas Lemieux), Annual Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, December 1997.

"Unemployment in Canada and the United States: A Further Analysis." (with W. Craig Riddell), In B. Curtis Eaton and Richard Harris, editors, Trade, Technology, and Economics: Essays in Honour of Richard G. Lipsey Brookfield MA: Edward Elgar, 1997.

"Intertemporal Labor Supply: An Assessment." In Christopher Sims, editor, Advances in Econometrics, Sixth World Congress. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

"Unemployment Insurance Taxes and the Cyclical and Seasonal Properties of Unemployment." (with Phillip Levine), Journal of Public Economics 53, January 1994.

Front Matter, Preface, Table of Contents (with Richard B. Freeman), editors, Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Introduction to "Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States." (with Richard B. Freeman), In David Card and Richard B. Freeman, editors, Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

"A Comparative Analysis of Unemployment in the United States and Canada." (with Richard B. Freeman), In David Card and Richard B. Freeman, editors, Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

List of Contributors, Indexes (with W. Craig Riddell), In David Card and Richard B. Freeman, editors, Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

"Recent Trends in Insured and Uninsured Unemployment: Is There An Explanation?" (with Rebecca Blank), Quarterly Journal of Economics 106, November 1991.

"Labor Supply with a Minimum Hours Threshold." Carnegie Rochester Conference on Public Policy 33, Autumn 1990.

"On the Covariance Structure of Earnings and Hours Changes." (with John Abowd), Econometrica 57, March 1989.

"Intertemporal Labor Supply and Long Term Employment Contracts." (with John Abowd), American Economic Review 77, March 1987.

"Why Have Unemployment Rates in Canada and the United States Diverged?" (with Orley Ashenfelter), Economica 53, Supplement 1986.

"Time Series Representations of Economic Variables and Alternative Models of the Labor Market." (with Orley Ashenfelter), Review of Economic Studies 69, September 1982.

"Intertemporal Substitution in the Presence of Long Term Contracts." (with John M. Abowd), Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 166, September 1983.

"Indexation in Long Term Labor Contracts: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis." Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 152, August 1982.


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Health Insurance

"The Impact of Nearly Universal Insurance Coverage on Health Care Utilization: Evidence from Medicare." (with Carlos Dobkin and Nicole Maestas), American Economic Review 98, December 2008.

"Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions." (with Lara D. Shore-Sheppard), Review of Economic and Statistics 86, August 2004.

"The Measurement of Medicaid Coverage in the SIPP: Evidence from California, 1990-1996." (with Andrew K. G. Hildreth and Lara Shore-Sheppard), Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 22, October 2004.

"Is Workers' Compensation Covering Uninsured Medical Costs? Evidence from the 'Monday Effect'." (with Brian McCall), Industrial and Labor Relations Review 49, July 1996.

"Does Medicare Save Lives?." NBER Working Paper 13668, November 2007.

"The Impact of Health Insurance Status on Treatment Intensity and Health Outcomes." (with Carlos Dobkin and Nicole Maestas), RAND Labor and Population Working Paper, August 2007.

"The Measurement of Medicaid Coverage in the SIPP: Evidence from a Comparison of Matched Records." (with Andrew K. G. Hildreth and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard), December 2002.


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Minimum Wages

"A Re-analysis of the Effect of the New Jersey Minimum Wage with Representative Payroll Data." (with Alan Krueger), American Economic Review 90, December 2000.

"Time-Series Minimum Wage Studies: A Meta-Analysis." (with Alan Krueger), American Economic Review 85, May 1995.

"Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania." (with Alan Krueger), American Economic Review 84, September 1994.

"Do Minimum Wages Reduce Employment? A Case Study of California, 1987-89." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 46, October 1992.

"Using Regional Variation in Wages to Measure the Effects of the Federal Minimum Wage." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 46, October 1992.

"Minimum Wages and the Teenage Labor Market: A Case Study of California, 1987-89."Annual Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association December 1990.

"An Evaluation of Recent Evidence on the Employment Effects of Minimum and Subminimum Wages." (with Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger) NBER Working Paper 4528, November 1993.

"A Living Wage? The Effects of the Minimum Wage on the Distribution of Wages, the Distribution of Family Earnings, and Poverty." (with Alan B. Krueger) Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 333, October 1994.

"The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Shareholder Wealth." (with Alan B. Krueger), Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 337, November 1994.

"Time-Series Minimum Wage Studies: A Meta-Analysis." (with Alan B. Krueger), The American Economic Review, Vol. 85 No. 2, May 1995.


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Welfare and Training Programs (including SSP)

"Building in an Evaluation Component for Active Labor Market Programs: A Practitioner's Guide" (with Pablo Ibarraran and Juan Miguel Villa), IZA Discussion Paper Series 6085, October 2011.

"The Labor Market Impacts of Youth Training in the Dominican Republic: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation." (with Pablo Ibarraran, Ferdinando Regalia, David Rosas and Yuri Soares), Journal of Labor Economics 29, February 2011.

"Active Labour Market Policy Evaluations: A Meta-Analysis." (with Jochen Kluve and Andrea Weber), The Economic Journal 120, November 2010.

"The Dynamic Effects of an Earnings Subsidy for Long-term Welfare Recipients:Evidence from the SSP Applicant Experiment." (with Dean Hyslop), Journal of Econometrics 153, November 2009.

"Estimating the Effects of a Time-Limited Earnings Subsidy for Welfare Leavers." (with Dean R. Hyslop), Econometrica 73, November 2005.

"How Important Are Entry Effects in Financial Incentive Programs for Welfare Recipients? Experimental Evidence from the Self-Sufficiency Project." (with Philip Robins), Journal of Econometrics 125, March-April 2005.

"When Financial Work Incentives Pay for Themselves: Evidence from a Randomized Social Experiment for Welfare Recipients." (with Charles Michalopoulos and Philip K. Robins), Journal of Public Economics 89, January 2005.

"Welfare Reform and the Labor Market Outcomes of Women." In Paul Ong and James R. Lincoln, editors, The State of California Labor Berkeley CA: Institute of Industrial Relations, 2001.

"Financial Incentives for Increasing Work and Income Among Low-Income Families." (with Rebecca M. Blank and Philip K. Robins), In Rebecca M.. Blank and David Card, editors, Finding Jobs: Work and Welfare Reform New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000.

"Do Financial Incentives Encourage Welfare Recipients to Work? Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation of the Self-Sufficiency Project." (with Philip Robins), In Solomon Polachek, editor, Research in Labor Economics vol. 17, Greenwich Connecticut: JAI Press, 1998.

"Poverty, Income, and Growth: Are They Still Connected?" (with Rebecca Blank), Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 2, Fall 1993.

"Measuring the Effect of Subsidized Training Programs on Movements In and Out of Employment." (with Daniel Sullivan), Econometrica 56, May 1988.

"Using the Longitudinal Structure of Earnings to Estimate the Effect of Training Programs." (with Orley Ashenfelter), Review of Economic and Statistics 67, November 1985.

"The Limits to Wage Growth: Measuring the Growth Rate of Wages for Recent Welfare Leavers." (with Charles Michalopoulos and Philip K. Robins), NBER Working Paper 8444, August 2001.

"Would Financial Incentives for Leaving Welfare Lead Some People to Stay on Welfare Longer? An Experimental Evaluation of 'Entry Effects' in the Self-Sufficiency Project." (with Philip K. Robbins and Winston Lin), NBER Working Paper 6449, March 1998.

"Reforming the Financial Incentives of the Welfare System." (with Daniel S. Hamermesh), IZA Discussion Paper 172, July 2000.

"Using the Longitudinal Structure of Earnings to Estimate the Effect of Training Programs." (with Orley Ashenfelter), The MIT Press, The Review of Economics and Statistics Vol. 67 No. 4, November 1985.


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Unions and Collective Bargaining

"The Effect of Firm-Level Contracts on the Structure of Wages: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data." (with Sara de la Rica), Industrial and Labor Relations Review, October 2006.

"Unions and Wage Inequality." (with Thomas Lemieux and W. Craig Riddell), Journal of Labor Research 25, Fall 2004.

"Unionization and Wage Inequality: A Comparative Study of the U.S., the U.K., and Canada." (with Thomas Lemieux and W. Craig Riddell), NBER Working Paper 9473, January 2003.

"Unions and the Wage Structure." (with Thomas Lemieux and W. Craig Riddell), In John T. Addison and Claus Schnabel, editors, The International Handbook of Trade Unions Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2003.

"The Effect of Unions on Wage Inequality in the U.S. Labor Market." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 54, January 2001.

"Deregulation and Labor Earnings in the Airline Industry." In James Peoples, editor, Regulatory Reform and Labor Markets Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.

"The Effect of Unions on the Structure of Wages: A Longitudinal Analysis." Econometrica 64, July 1996.

"Bargaining Power, Strike Durations, and Wage Outcomes: An Analysis of Strikes in the 1880s." (with Craig Olson), Journal of Labor Economics 13, January 1995.

"Strikes and Wages: A Test of An Asymmetric Information Model." Quaterly Journal of Economics 105, August 1990.

"Unexpected Inflation, Real Wages, and Employment Determination in Union Contracts." American Economic Review 80, September 1990.

"Strikes and Bargaining: A Survey of the Recent Empirical Literature." American Economic Review 80, May 1990.

"Longitudinal Analysis of Strike Activity." Journal of Labor Economics 6, April 1988.

"Efficient Contracts with Costly Adjustment: Short Run Employment Determination for Airline Mechanics." American Economic Review 76, December 1986.

"The Impact of Deregulation on the Employment and Wages of Airline Mechanics." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 39, July 1986.

"An Empirical Model of Wage Indexation Provisions in Union Contracts." Journal of Political Economy 94, June 1986.

"Microeconomic Models of Wage Indexation."Annual Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, December 1984.

"Cost of Living Escalators in Major Union Contracts." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 37, October 1983.

"Falling Union Membership and Rising Wage Inequality: What's the Connection?." (with Gordon Dahl), NBER Working Paper 6520, April 1998.

"The Effect of Unions on the Distribution of Wages: Redistribution or Relabelling?" NBER Working Paper No. 4195, October 1992.


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Education

"Education Matters:" Milken Review, 2002.

"School Competition and Efficiency with Publicly-Funded Catholic Schools." (with A. Abigail Payne and Martin Dooley), American Public Journal , October 2010.

"School Finance Reform, the Distribution of School Spending, and the Distribution of SAT Scores." (with A. Abigail Payne), Journal of Public Economics 83, January 2002.

"Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems." Econometrica 69, September 2001.

"Education, Earnings, and the Canadian G.I. Bill." (with Thomas Lemieux), Canadian Journal of Economics 34, May 2001.

"Can Falling Supply Explain the Rising Return to College for Younger Men? A Cohort-Based Analysis." (with Thomas Lemieux), Quarterly Journal of Economics 116, May 2001.

"Going to College to Avoid the Draft: The Unintended Legacy of the Vietnam War." (with Thomas Lemieux), American Economic Review 91, May 2001.

"Dropout and Enrollment Trends in the Post-War Period: What Went Wrong in the 1970s?"(with Thomas Lemieux), In Jonathan Gruber, editor, Risky Behavior Among Youth: An Economic Analysis Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

"The Causal Effect of Education on Earnings." In Orley Ashenfelter and David Card, editors, Handbook of Labor Economics Volume 3A. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1999.

"School Resources and Student Outcomes: An Overview of the Literature and New Evidence from North and South Carolina." (with Alan Krueger), Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 559, September 1998.

"School Resources and Student Outcomes: An Overview of the Literature and New Evidence from North and South Carolina." Journal of Economic Perspectives 10, Fall 1996.

"Labor Market Effects of School Quality: Theory and Evidence." (with Alan Krueger), In Gary Burtless, editor, The Link Between Schools, Student Achievement, and Adult Success Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1996. A longer version of this paper is contained in National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 5450, February 1996.

"Earnings, Schooling, and Ability Revisited." In Solomon Polachek, editor, Research in Labor Economics, vol. 14, Greenwich Connecticut: JAI Press, 1995.

"The Economic Return to School Quality: A Partial Survey." (with Alan Krueger), In William Baumol and William E. Becker, editors, Assessing Educational Practices: The Contribution of Economics Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1995.

"Using Geographic Variation in College Proximity to Estimate the Return to Schooling." In L.N. Christofides, E.K. Grant, and R. Swidinsky, editors, Aspects of Labor Market Behaviour: Essays in Honour of John Vanderkamp Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.

"Does School Quality Matter: Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Public Schools in the United States." (with Alan Krueger), Journal of Political Economy 100, February 1992.

"School Quality and Black-White Relative Earnings: A Direct Assessment." (with Alan Krueger), Quarterly Journal of Economics 107, February 1992.


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Miscellaneous

"Family Violence and Football:The Effect of Unexpected Emotional Cues On Violent Behavior." (with Gordon Dahl), The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2011.

"Pension Plan Characteristics and Framing Effects In Employee Savings Behavior." (with Michael Ransom), The Review of Economics and Statistics, February 2011.

"Rent-Sharing, Holdup, and Wages: Evidence From Matched Panel Data." (with Francesco Devicienti and Agata Maida), IZA Discussion Paper Series 6086, October 2011.

"Peer Effects and Multiple Equilibria in the Risky Behavior of Friends." (with Laura Giuliano), NBER Working Paper 17088, May 2011.

"The Role of Theory in Field Experiments." (with Stefano DellaVigna and Ulrike Malmendier), NBER Working Paper 17047, May 2011.

"The Geography of Giving: The Effect of Corporate Headquarters on Local Charities." (with Kevin F. Hallock and Enrico Moretti), Journal of Public Economics 83, 2010.

"Quasi-Experimental Identification and Estimation in the Regression Kink Design." (with David S. Lee and Zhuan Pei), Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 553, November 2009.

"Does Voting Technology Affect Election Outcomes? Touch-Screen Voting and the 2004 Presidential Election." (with Enrico Moretti), Review of Economic and Statistics, 2007.

"Regression Discontinuity Inference with Specification Error." (with David S. Lee), Journal of Econometrics, 2007.

"Essays in Honor of Orley Ashenfelter: Introduction." (with Henry S. Farber), Industrial and Labor Relations Review 58, 2005.

Front Matter of "Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000." (with Richard B. Freeman), In Richard Blundell, David Card, and Richard B. Freeman, editors, Seeking a Premier League Econom Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER, 2004.

"What Have Two Decades of British Economic Reform Delivered?" (with Richard B. Freeman), In Richard Blundell, David Card, and Richard B. Freeman, editors, Seeking a Premier League Econom Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER, 2004.

"Did the Elimination of Mandatory Retirement Affect Faculty Retirement Flows?" (with Orley Ashenfelter), American Economic Review 92, September 2002.

"Arbitrators as Lie Detectors." Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 172, December 1983.

"Empirical Tests of Labor Market Equilibrium: An Evaluation: A Comment." Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 28, 1988.


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Moldy Oldies

"The Effect of Unions on the Level and Distribution of Wages: A Longitudinal Analysis." Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper Number 287, July 1991, revised March 1995.

"Supply and Demand in the Labor Market." Princeton University Industrial Relations Section Working Paper Number 228, November 1987.

"Using Longitudinal Data to Measure Minimum Wage Effects." (with Orley Ashenfelter), Center for Labour Economics, London School of Economics Discussion Paper, September 1981.


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