Barry Eichengreen

George C. Pardee and Helen N. Pardee Professor of Economics and Political Science


"How India Can Sustain Rapid Economic Growth" (with Poonam Gupta), Project Syndicate (12 August 2022).

"Is the Dollar About to Take a Turn?" Financial Times (27 July 2022).

"Boris Johnson Leaves Behind a Sterling Mess," Project Syndicate (8 July 2022).

"Economic Consequences of the Ukrainian Peace," Project Syndicate (10 June 2022).

"Dollar Dominance and the Rise of Nontraditional Reserve Currencies" (with Serkan Alsanap and Chima Simpson-Bell), IMF Blog (1 June 2022).

"Shaping a Marshall Plan for Ukraine," Project Syndicate (10 May 2022).

"The International Financial Consequences of Mr. Putin, East Asia Forum (6 May 2022).

"Poland Gangnam Style," Wszystko Najwazniejsze (29 April 2022).

"Europe's Economy on a Knife Edge," Project Syndicate (12 April 2022).

"A Blueprint for the Reconstruction of Ukraine" (with Torbjorn Becker, Yuriy Gorodnichenko, Sergei Guriev, Simon Johnson, Tymofiy Mylovanov, Kenneth Rogoff and Beatrice Weder di Mauro), VoxEU (7 April 2022).

"Ukraine War Accelerates the Stealth Erosion of Dollar Dominance," Financial Times (29 March 2022).

"A New Era for Europe" (with Marco Buti et al.), VoxEU (1 March 2022).

"America's Not So Great Inflation," Project Syndicate (10 February 2022).

"Submerged by COVID," Project Syndicate (13 January 2022).

"Turkey's Dornbusch Moment," Central Banking (23 December 2021).

"Greening Europe's Fiscal Rules," Project Syndicate (13 December 2021).

"UK Public Deb t Stands at Almost 100 Per Cent of GDP: History Shows How to Respond," Prospect (25 November 2021).

"As the Fed Tightens the Spigot, Will India Feel the Heat?" Economic Times (11 November 2021).

"America's Fiscal Debate Off the Rails," Project Syndicate (10 November 2021).

"Dancing with the Debt Ceiling," Project Syndicate (6 October 2021).

"What to Do with Public Debt in a Post-Pandemic World," Gtroupe d'Etudes Geopolitique (4 October 2021).

"This SDR Allocation Must be Different," Project Syndicate (10 September 2021).

"What Future for Public Debt in a Post-Pandemic World?" Le Grand Continent (9 September 2021). Expanded version appears also in Gilles Gressani and Matheo Malik eds., Poltique de L'Interregne: Chine, Pandemie, Climat (2022). Updated version in OECD Forum (9 June 2022).

"The Coming Public Debt Scare Should Not Spook US Policy Makers from Investing in Physical and Social Infrastructure," Center for Equitable Growth (7 September 2021).

"Will Central Bank Digital Currencies Doom Dollar Dominance?" Project Syndicate (10 August 2021).

"Letter from America: The Meaning of Bidenomics," Intereconomics (2 August 2021).

"The Stablecoin Illusion," Project Syndicate (13 July 2021).

"Is Big Tech Getting Too Big for its Britches?" Caixin (22 June 2022).

"The Logic of Effective Climate Action," Project Syndicate (13 June 2021).

"The Political Scars of the Pandemic," Schweizer Monat (6 June 2021). Also appears on OECD Policy Forum (25 January 2022).

"Monetary Policy: Expanded Tools, Evolving Targets, Broader Mandates," in Monetary Authority of Singapore, Golden Jubilee Conference Proceedings (2022).

"In Defense of Public Debt: An Update," Essayos Economicos no. 79 (Central Bank of Argentina, 2022).

"Trends in Monetary Policy Transparency Around the World" (with Nergiz Dincer and Petra Geraats), SUERF Policy Brief (2022).

"Foreword" to Aleksandr Gevorkyan ed., Foreign Exchange Constraint and Developing Countries (2022).

"Inflation, Uncertainty and Gold," The Alchemist (16 December 2021).

"How Pandemics Affect the Financial System" (with Cevat Aksoy and Orkun Saka), SUERF Policy Brief no.217 (11 November 2021), SUERF European Money and Finance Forum.

"Foreward," in Alexander Gevorkyan ed., Foreign Exchange Constraints and Developing Economies (Edward Elgar 2022).

"Gold, the Dollar, and What Comes Next," The International Economy (Summer 2021).

"Covid-19: From Lockdown to Recovery," Intereconomics (November 2020).

"Obituary of Ian W. McLean" (with Kris James Mitchener), Economic Record (September 2020).

"For yuan to be the new dollar, China needs democracy: Eichengreen" Nikkei (13 August 2021).

"Biden's Big Bet," Nikkei (22 June 2021).

"Will the Productivity Revolution be Postponed?" Project Syndicate (10 May 2021).

"The Challenge of Big Tech Finance," Project Syndicate (9 April 2021).

"Who Needs a Digital Dollar?" Project Syndicate (9 March 2021).

"The Cost of Economic Growth in a Pandemic," _Caixin_ (19 February 2021).

"Inflation Targeting in India: An Interim Assessment" (with Rishabh Choudhary and Poonam Gupta), Ideas for India (17 February 2021).

"New Model Central Banks," Project Syndicate (February 10, 2021).

"The Cost of Economic Growth," Caixin (January 29, 2021).

"Financial Globalization and Inequality: Capital Mobility as a Two-Edged Sword" (with Balazs Csonto, Asmaa El-Ganainy and Zsoka Koczan), VoxEU (13 January 2021).

"An Infrastructure Inoculation for America's Recovery," Project Syndicate (12 January 2021).

"It Would be Foolish to Bet Against the Dollar," Financial Times (16 December 2020).

"The Debt Dogs that Didn't Bark," Project Syndicate (11 December 2020).

"Is Monetary-Fiscal Policy Cooperation a Slippery Slope?" Central Banking (18 November 2020).

"The Covid-19 Vaccine is Almost Here. The Question is: Will People Take It?" (with Cevat Aksoy and Orkun Saka), Promarket (16 November 2020).

"A Contested Election and an Uncertain Future," Finanz und Wirtschaft (14 November 2020).

"America's Dangerous Interregnum," Project Syndicate (10 November 2020).

"Internationalizing the Euro in the Age of Covid 19" (with Angela Copolongo and Daniel Gros), VoxEU (22 October 2020).

"A Bretton Woods Stocktaking," Prospect Magazine (13 October).

"Scotland after Sterling," Project Syndicate (10 October 2020).

"RBI's Response to COVID Shows that its Inflation Targeting is Working Well," Economic Times (7 October 2020).

"The Pandemic's Most Treacherous Phase," Project Syndicate (9 September 2020).

"Dollar Sensationalism," Project Syndicate (11 August 2020).

"Governor Yi's SDR Proposal Cannot Stand Alone," Caixin (27 July 2020).

"Training for the Post-Pandemic World," Project Syndicate (11 July 2020).

"Will the Renminbi's Fate be Determined in Hong Kong?" Finanz und Wirtschaft (22 June 2020).

"The Political Scar of Epidemics" (with Cevat Aksoy and Ordun Saka), VoxEU (15 June 2020).

"Rage Against the Pandemic," Project Syndicate (8 June 2020).

"Schumpeter's Virus," Prospect Magazine (27 May 2020).

Resolving the Coming Global Debt Crisis,” Project Syndicate (12 May 2020).

Awaiting a Post-Coronavirus Dawn: What Kind of Recovery?” Aljazeera Centre for Studies (30 April 2020).

Libra Still Needs More Baking” (with Ganesh Viswanath-Natraj), VoxEU (25 April 2020).

Resolving the Coming Global Debt Crisis,” Project Syndicate (12 May 2020).

Awaiting a Post-Coronavirus Dawn: What Kind of Recovery?” Aljazeera Centre for Studies (30 April 2020).

Libra Still Needs More Baking” (with Ganesh Viswanath-Natraj), VoxEU (25 April 2020).

The Most Serious Crisis of All,” East Asia Forum (11 April 2020).  Reprinted as “The Analogy Trap in Economic Policy,” The Economic Historian (22 April 2020).

Alice in Libraland,” Beyond the Techlash – Project Syndicate (20 April 2020).

“The Emerging Market Crisis and How China can Help,” Caixin (10 April 2010).

The Human Capital Costs of the Crisis,” Project Syndicate (10 April 2020).

Economic Disaster Could Foster Authoritarianism or Offer a Historic Opportunity,” The Guardian (31 March 2020).

Viral Fears,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (15 March 2020).

Coronanomics 101,” Project Syndicate (10 March 2020).

America’s Isolationist Default,” Project Syndicate (10 February 2020).

Democratizing the ECB,” Project Syndicate (14 January 2020).

When Central Banks Went Missing,” Die Weltwoche 16 January 2020).

Letter from America: Addressing Inequality through Wealth Taxation,” Intereconomics (January 2020).

“A Tale of Two Worlds: The Global Economy in 2020,” Estadao Sao Paulo (29 December 2019).

A Requiem for the World Trade Organization,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (17 December 2019).

The Policy Debate Europe Needs,” Project Syndicate (9 December 2019).

“Is China About to Experience its Own Crisis of Rising Expectations?” Project Syndicate (12 November 2019).

“The Two Faces of Populism,” VoxEU (28 October 2019).

“Trump’s Tariffs will be Back, U.S.-China Trade Deal or Not,” Caixin (23 October 2019).

“Is Libra Dead on Arrival?” Project Syndicate (16 October 2019).

“Libra in Limbo,” Nikkei (October 15, 2019).

“Libra’s Insurmountable Obstacles,” Le Monde (30 September 2019).

“Did Dudley Do Right?” Project Syndicate (10 September 2019).

“Memo to Ms. Georgieva,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (September 3, 2019).

“Trump’s Cross of Gold,” Project Syndicate (11 August 2019).

“Trump’s Looming Currency War,” Caixin (August 2019).

“Trump’s Trade War: Even Worse Than You Think,” Corospondent (July 2019).

“The Central Banker Europe Needs,” Project Syndicate (9 July 2019).

“How the U.S. Economy’s Luck Runs Out,” Prospect Magazine (July 2019).

“Facebook’s Venture into Cryptocurrency is a Terrible Idea,” Washington Post (24 June 2019).

“Unconventional Thinking About Unconventional Monetary Policies,” Project Syndicate (10 June 2019).

“Central Banks Go Green,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (7 June 2019).

"The Specter of Versailles," Finance and Development (June 2019).

"The Return of Fiscal Policy," Project Syndicate (13 May 2019).

"Emerging Risks for Emerging Economies," Project Syndicate (10 April 2019).

"Is China's Current Account Surplus Really Vanishing?" Caixin (2 April 2019).

"Public Debt Through the Ages" (with Asmaa El-Ghainey, Rui Pedro Esteves and Kris James Mitchener), VoxEU (1 April 2019).

"Mars or Mercury Redux: The Geopolitics of Bilateral Trade Agreements" (with Arnaud Mehl and Livia Chitu), VoxEU (14 MArch 2019).

"How to Organize Europe's Trade with Iran,"Project Syndicate (12 March 2019).

"Unlikely Lessons for the Euro Area,"Finanz und Wirstschaft (15 March 2019).

"Is Brexit a Life and Death Matter?" (with Rebecca Mari and Gregory Thwaites), Brink: The Edge of Risk (11 March 2019).

"The Euro's Global Hopes and Dreams," CEPS Commentary (11 January 2019).

"Toward a Tranquil Year," Project Syndicate (10 January 2019)

"The Euro @ 20: An Enduring Success but a Fundamental Failure," The Conversation (4 January 2019).

"End or Beginning of the Rough Patch in Emerging Markets?" Estado Sao Paulo (25 December 2018).

"The U.S. China Phony Truce," Project Syndicate (11 December 2018).

"Universal Basic Income: The Idea that Won't Go Away," Finanz und Wirtschaft (15 December 2018).

"China's One Belt One Road in the Mirror of the Marshall Plan," Caixin (8 November 2018).

"Populism's Common Denominator,"Project Syndicate (November 2018).

"Montagu Norman: Reflections from St. Clere," Bank Underground (November 2018).

"The IMF in Crisis," Prospect Magazine (October 2018).

"The Stable-Coin Myth," Project Syndicate (9 September 2018).

"Ten Years After Lehman: Thinking About the Next Financial Crisis," Nikkei (7 September 2018).

"Investors Have the Power to Tame Erdogan and Trump," Financial Times (18 August 2018).

"IMF Reform: The Unfinished Agenda" (with Jose DeGregorio, Charles Wyplosz and Takatoshi Ito), VoxEU (9 September 2018).

“Trump’s Trade War at the Point of No Return,Corospondent (July 2018).

Trump and Erdogan Down the Garden Path,” Central Banking (August 10, 2018).

Globalization with Chinese Characteristics,” Project Syndicate (August 2018).

The Economic Consequences of Mr. Trump’s Trade Policies,” Project Syndicate (July 2018).

“China in the Balance,” Caixin (June 30, 2018).

Secular Stagnation to Permanent Standstill?Weltwinkel (June 2018).

The Populists’ Euro,” Project Syndicate (11 June 2018).

Trade Wars: Everything Old is New Again,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (11 June 2018).

What Trump’s Appearance at the G7 Summit Reveals about America,” Il Sole 24 Ore (9 June 2018).

Is Globalization Going to Unravel?Prospect Magazine (May 30, 2018).

China and the Future of Democracy,”  Project Syndicate (May 10, 2018).

Italy: From Miracle to Stagnation,” Il Sole 24 Ore (June 4, 2018).

Can a Trade War Still be Averted?Project Syndicate (April 10, 2018).

Putting the Greek Debt Problem to Rest” (with Ugo Panizza, Richard Portes, Beatrice Weder de Mauro, Charles Wyplosz and Jeromin Zettelmeyer), VoxEU (20 March 2018).

The Dollar’s Doldrums,” Project Syndicate (11 March 2018).

The Brexit Endgame,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (6 March 2018).

The Lessons of Black Monday,” Project Syndicate (February 2018).

“The Renminbi Revival,”Caixin (February 2018).

Ready or Not for the Next Recession,” Project Syndicate (January 2018).

“Overcoming the Middle-Income Challenge” (with Joshua Aizenman and Donghyun Park), Emerging Markets Finance and Trade (2018).

Outlook for 2018,” O Estadao Sao Paulo (24 December 2017).

Two Myths About Automation,” Project Syndicate (11 December 2017).

Review of Roman Studer, The Great Divergence Reconsidered, Journal of Interdisciplinary History (December 2017).

“U.S. Economic Policy: The Storm After the Calm,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (27 November 2017).

“The U.S. Dollar Dominates Global Finance – But for How Much Longer?” Prospect Magazine (22 November 2017).

“Central Banks in the Dock,” Project Syndicate (11 November 2017).

“Data in Advance of Theory,” Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian), 27 October 2017.

“Populists at the Polls: Why the 1896 Election Matters” (with Michael Haines, Matthew Jaremski and David Leblang), VoxEU (25 October 2017).

“The Demise of Dollar Diplomacy?” Project Syndicate (11 October 2017).

“China’s Trump Problem,” Caixin (15 September 2017).

“The Euro’s Narrow Path,” Project Syndicate (11 September 2017).

“Populism and Trust in Europe” (with Christian Dustmann, Sebastian Otten, Andre Sapir, Guido Tabellini and Gylfi Zoega), VoxEU (23 August 2017).

“The Contrary Dollar,” Finanz und Wirtsachft (24 August 2017).

“Revenge of the Experts,” Project Syndicate (9 August 2017).

"Asia’s Unhappy Anniversary,” Project Syndicate (10 July 2017).

“Righting Trump’s Wrongs,” Project Syndicate (12 June 2017).

“A False Dawn for Chinese-American Trade,” Caixin (16 May 2017).

Germany Unbalanced or Unhinged?” Project Syndicate (11 May 2017).

What Tax Reform Tells Us About Trump,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (10 May 2017).

Italy and the Euro: History Doesn’t Run in Reverse,” Il Sole 24 Ora (3 May 2017).

Crouching Tiger, Paper Donald,” Project Syndicate (10 April 2017).

What’s a President to Do?” Project Syndicate (10 March 2017).  

Where Did the Euro Go Wrong?” Current History (March 2017).

The Renminbi Goes Global,” Review of Prasad and Sabucchi, Foreign Affairs (February 2017).

Is Currency Manipulation Yesterday’s Problem?Caixen (28 February 2017).

On the Fickleness of Capital Flows” (with Poonam Gupta), VoxEU (22 February 2017).

Trump the Reluctant Multilateralist,” Project Syndicate (15 February 2017).

Don’t Short the Euro: It’s Here to Stay,” Bloomberg View (6 February 2017).

Powerful Forces will Lead to a Stronger Dollar,” Financial Times (26 January 2017).

The Economic Consequences of Mr. Trump,” Finanz und Wirtschaft (12 January 2017).

Trump Before Trump,” Project Syndicatee  (12 January 2017).

Trump Changes Everything,” Estado Sao Paulo (25 December 2016).

"The Age of Hyper-Uncertainty," Project Syndicate (15 December 2016). 

"Hot Money: The True Meaning of China's Capital Controls," CIGl On Line (13 December 2016). 

"Globalization's Last Gasp," Project Syndicate (November 18, 2016). 

"Three Ways of Making Sense of the Dollar in Uncertain Times," Financial Times (14 November  2016).

"Asia Needs to Spell Out Changes They Want in International Monetary System," Caixen (21 October 2016).

"China's SDR Distraction,"Project Syndicate (12 October 2016).

"Brexit and the Pound in Your Pocket," Project Syndicate (13 September 2016).

"Airing the IMF's Dirty Laundry," Project Syndicate, August 11, 2016.

"The British Economy after the Referendum," Finaz und Wirtschaft, August 16, 2016.

"The Brexit Surprise and Emerging Markets" (with Poonam Gupta), VoxEU, 4 July 2016.

"What Explains Britain's Brexit Shocker?" The Conversation, 27 July 2016.

"The Age of Hyper-Uncertainty," Project Syndicate (15 December 2016).

"The True Meaning of China's Capital Controls," CIGl On Line (13 December 2016).

"Globalization's Last Gasp," Project Syndicate (November 18, 2016).

"Three Ways of Making Sense of the Dollar in Uncertain Times," Financial Times (14 November  2016).

"An International Monetary System for Asia," Caixin (16 October 2016).

"China's SDR Distraction," Project Syndicate (12 October 2016).

"Brexit and the Pound in Your Pocket," Project Syndicate (13 September 2016).

"Lessons from South Korea for China's Economic Rebalancing Act," Caixin Online (20 June 2016).

"Financial Scarcity Amid Plenty," Project Syndicate (June 15, 2016).

"Renminbi Internationalization: The Pause that Refreshes," China's World (June 2016).

"Why Greece Still Needs Debt Relief," Fortune, 10 May 2016.

"Rescaling China's Debt Mountain," Project Syndicate, 10 May 2016.

"The Brexit Alarm," Project Syndicate, 12 April 2016.

"Is the China Panic Over?," Caixin, 18 March 2016.

The ECB Once More into the Breach," Handelsblatt, 15 March 2016.

"China's Exchange-Rate Trap", Project Syndicate, 9 Feb 2016.

"Hopes and Fears,"Estadao Sao Paulo, 24 December 2015 (in Portuguese).

"How the Euro Crisis Was Successfully Resolved" (with Charles Wyplosz), VoxEU (12 Feb 2016).

"Confronting the Fiscal Bogeyman," Project Syndicate, 10 March 2016.

Review of Masazumi Wakatabe, Japan’s Great Stagnation and Abenomics, Japanese Journal of Political Science (2015).

"Today's Productivity Paradox," Project Syndicate, 10 December 2015.

"Is the Renminbi's Future as a Global or Regional Currency?", VoxEU, 2 December 2015.

"Europe's Not-So-Ever-Closer Union", Finanz und Wirtschaft, 1 December 2015.

"Is U.S. Monetary Policy Made in China?", Project Syndicate, 10 November 2015.

"Exchange Lessons from the Plaza, 30 Years On", Caixin Online, 10 October 2015.

"The Crisis Europe Needs", Project Syndicate, 10 October 2015.

"The Global Productivity Slump: Global and Country-Specific Factors" (with Donghyun Park and Kwanho Shin), VoxEU, 16 September 2015.

"China's Forex Follies", Project Syndicate, 10 September 2015.

"Breaking the Greek Debt Impasse" (with Peter Allen and Gary Evans), VoxEU, 7 September 2015.

"The Promise and Peril of Macroprudential Policy", Project Syndicate, 7 August 2015.

"Escaping the Greek Debt Trap" (with Peter Allen and Gary Evans), Bloomberg View, 27 July 2015.

"What China Should Learn from Greece's Cautionary Tale", Caixin Online, 15 July 2015.

"Saving Greece, Saving Europe," Project Syndicate (July 13, 2015).

"America's Greece: Fixing Puerto Rico Could Provide Answers for Europe", Speigel, 8 July 2015.

"A Positive Alternative for Greece," Finanz und Wirtschaft (4 July 2015).

"Governments Behaving Badly," Estadao Sao Paulo (3 July 2015).

"Road to Greek Crisis Is Paved with Incompetence," The Conversation (29 June 2015).

"China the Responsible Stakeholder," Project Syndicate (8 June 2015).

"Central Banks under the Gun", Finanz und Wirtschaft, 5 May 2015.

"Responding to a Slowing Economy", Caixin Online, 4 May 2015.

"Europe's Poisoned Growth Chalice,", Project Syndicate, 11 April 2015.

"The Fed Under Fire", Project Syndicate, 11 March 2015.

"Cassandras and Currency Wars", FT Alphaville, 10 February 2015.

"Central Banks' Balance Sheet Obsession" (with Beatrice Weder di Mauro), Project Syndicate, 10 February 2015.

"Time To Get Serious about Bank Reform, Prospect Magazine, 22 January 2015.

"Financial crisis: Revisiting the banking rules that died by a thousand small cuts", Fortune, 16 January 2015.

"The SNB Shock",Finanz und Wirtschaft, 16 January 2015.

Economists, Remove Your Blinders, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 12 January 2015.

Europeans Need to Reconsider the Lessons of the Great Depression, History News Network, 16 January 2015

Grexit deja vu: is Europe really ready to let its Grecians go?, The Conversation, 9 January 2015.

Don't Bet on a Stronger Dollar, Project Syndicate, 13 January 2015.

Review of Eric Helleiner, Forgotten Foundations of Bretton Woods, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Winter 2015.

"The Bank of England Fails It's Transparency Test" with Petra Geraats, VOX, 6 January 2015.

"Putting Deflation First", Project Syndicate, 11 December 2014.

"Can a Broken Europe Be Mended?" Finanz und Wirtschaft, 2 December 2014.

"What will the next financial crisis look like--and are we ready?", The Conversation, 1 December 2014.

"Fool's Gold" Die Weltwoche, Switzerland, 26 November 2014.

"The bond market's dance over European debt will not last forever,", Financial Times, 17 November 2014.

"Will China Revert to the Mean?"Caixin,13 November 2014.

"Ukraine's Debt Dilemma" with Domenico Lonbardi, Project Syndicate, 12 November 2014.

"For Barry Eichengreen, fiscal consolidation needn't cause a recession," in Journal Valor Economico, 7 November 2014 (in Portuguese).

"From Tapering to Tightening: The Impact of the Fed's Exit on India" with Karik Basu and Poonam Gupta, VoxEU, 5 November 2014.

"The Evolution of Devolution", Project Syndicate, 9 October 2014.

"Three Questions for Mr. Draghi," Handelsblatt, 12 September 2014.

"Is the Bundesbank Too Creative for its Own Good?" Finanz und Wirtschaft , 10 September 2014.

"Leadership in a Leaderless World,", Calcalist (Economist),7 September 2014.

"Bankers Pine for an Imaginary Past," Financial Times (23 August 2014).

The rules of central banking are made to be broken, Financial Times, 22 August 2014.

Can Large Primary Surpluses Solve Europe's Debt Problem? (with Ugo Panizza), VoxEU, 30 July 2014.

The Renmimbi's Grand Tour, Project Syndicate, 10 July 2014.

France Lacks the Moral Authority to Depose the Dollar, Financial Times, 9 July 2014.

Leaners of Last Resort, Project Syndicate, 11 June 2014.

"Capital Controls in the 21st Century" with Andrew K. Rose, VoxEU, 5 June 2014.

Review of Thomas Piketty, Capital in the 21st Century, Europe's World, June 2014.

"Europe Should Take Lessons from Japan", Finanz und Wirtschaft, 2 June 2014.

Europe's Crisis Treadmill, Project Syndicate, 12 May 2014.

The Tyranny of Economic Growth, Caixin Online, 9 May 2014.

Losing Interest, Project Syndicate,11 April 2014.

Escaping 'Secular Stagnation', Caixin Online, 18 March 2014.

Yuan Dive?, Project Syndicate, 12 March 2014.

"Debt-for-Equity Swaps Offer Greece a Better Way", VoxEU, 28 February 2014.

"Is There a Fiscal Union in Europe's Future?", Finanz und Wirtschaft, 18 February 2014.

The Dollar and the Damage Done, Project Syndicate, 13 February 2014.

A Requiem for Global Imbalances, Project Syndicate, 13 January 2014.

Review of Brigitte Granville, Remembering Inflation,, in Business History Review, Volume 88, Issue 04, Winter 2014

A Tale of Two Tapers, Project Syndicate, 11 July 2013.

Bernanke's "Tapering Crisis"-Made in Shanghai?, Finanz und Wirtschaft, 3 July 2013.

Lessons of a Greek Tragedy, Project Syndicate, 13 June 2013.

Open-Access Economics, Project Syndicate, 17 May 2013.

"Can Japan Save Europe?" Caixin, 8 May 2013.

"The Austerity Scandal," Die Zeit, 6 May 2013.

"The World Wisely Edges Away from a Currency Scandal," Financial Times, 27 April 2013.

"Economic Analysis, Economic Alchemy," Die Zeit, 27 April 2013.

"The Use and Abuse of Monetary History,", Project Syndicate, April 10, 2013.

"Is the Middle Income Trap about To Be Sprung?" International Affairs Forum, March 2013.

"Our Children's Economics", Project Syndicate, 8 February 2013.

"Our Topsy-Turvy World?", Project Syndicate, 23 January 2013.

"Growth Slowdowns Redux: Escaping the Middle-Income Trap," with Donghyun Park and Kwanho Shin, Vox EU, 11 January 2013.

"Why No Glass-Steagall II?", Project Syndicate, 10 January 2013.

"Giving Abe's Policy a Chance," Caixen, February 2013.

"Indian Banks and the Global Crisis," Financial Express with Poonam Gupta, 25 January 2013.

"The Dollar's Limited Reprieve", The Diplomat, 23 January 2013.

"Are Services Different?" with Poonam Gupta, The Financial Express, 18 January 2013.

"The real exchange rate and export growth: Are services different? (with Poonam Gupta),, 18 January 2013.

"Foreword to the 40th Anniversary Edition of Charles Kindleberger, The World in Depression" with J. Bradford DeLong. University of California Press, January 2013.

"Obituary: Peter Kenan, Economist" with Charles Wyplosz, The Financial Times, 21 December 2012.

"Kenan on the Euro" with Charles Wyplosz, The Financial, 24 December 2012.

The Euroless Union?, Project Syndicate December 2012.

Europe’s Populists at the Gate, Project Syndicate November 2012.

The Renminbi Challenge, Project Syndicate October 2012.

The Wisdom of Silence, CaixinOnline September 24, 2012.

Audit the Fed?, Project Syndicate September 2012.

Europe’s Summer Reading List, Project Syndicate August 2012.

Europe’s Divided Visionaries, Project Syndicate July 2012.

What Europe's Crisis Means for Asia, CaixinOnline July 2, 2012.

Share the Work, Project Syndicate June 2012.

Is Europe on a Cross of Gold?, Project Syndicate May 2012.

China’s Century or America’s?, East Asia Forum April 15, 2012.

The ECB’s Lethal Inhibition, Project Syndicate April 2012.

Europe's Trust Deficit, Project Syndicate 12 March 2012.

Europe’s Greek Pantomine(in Portuguese), Estado Sao Paulo February 26, 2012.

Europe’s Tobin Tax Distraction, Project Syndicate February 2012.

Soft Power and Hard Choices, CaixinOnline January 11, 2012.

Europe’s Vicious Spirals, Project Syndicate January 2012.

Interview, PulseBerlin, December 2011.

"Disaster Can Wait," Project Syndicate, 9 December 2011.

"Europe's Darkness at Noon," Project Syndicate, 8 November 2011.

"Coco for Europe," Project Syndicate, 11 October 2011.

""Europe Needs Contingency Plans in the Event that Italy Doesn't Grow." " Die Welt, 14 August 2011. (in German)

"What Can Replace the Dollar?" Project Syndicate, 11 August 2011.

"Financial crisis: Can Asia skate through again?" East Asia Forum, 7 August 2011.

"One-Way Euro," Australian Financial Review, 29 July 2011.

"Why Europe's Crisis Isn't Over," 26 July 2011. English version of a column in Estadao Sao Paulo, 31 July 2011.

"Why Dollar's Reign Is Near an End." Wall Street Journal, 1 March 2011.

"Why Egypt Should Worry China." Project Syndicate, 8 February 2011.

"What China Is After Financially." East Asia Forum, 30 January 2011.

"Slowing China." Project Syndicate, 9 March 2011.

"The Rise and Fall of the Dollar." Conversations with History, UC Berkeley Institute of International Studies, 4 January 2011.

"The Euro's Debatable Future: Fix the Banks, Fix the Currency." Wall Street Journal Online, 8 March 2011.

"The Full Brady." Project Syndicate, 10 May 2011.

"General Marshall on the Aegean." Project Syndicate, 13 July 2011.

"Germany's Choice." Euro Intelligence, 14 January 2011.

"How To Kill a Dollar." Project Syndicate, 9 June 2011.

"Latin Lessons for the Euro Zone." Portuguese version was published in O Estado de Sao Paulo 16 January 2011.

"The Next Financial Crisis." O Estado de S. Paulo, 13 March 2011 (in Portuguese).

"An Ever Closer Union." Foreign Policy, 7 February 2011.

"Back to the Sixties." Project Syndicate, 11 January 2011.

"The Bear of Bretton Woods." Project Syndicate, 1 April 2011.

"A Conversation with Barry Eichengreen." An Economix Book Chat interview, New York Times, 14 January 2011.

"The Dollar: Dominant No More?" OUPblog, Oxford University Press, 7 January 2011.

Review of Otmar Issing, The Birth of the Euro,in Enterprise and Society, June 2011.

"Portents of the Greek Rescue." Eurointelligence, 15 April 2010.

"A Productivity Boom-in-Waiting?" In Project Syndicate, 9 September 2010.

"Redesigning Financial Regulation." Video of session at Davos World Economic Forum, January 2010.

"Regional funds: Paper tigers or tigers with teeth?" In Regional and Global Liquidity Arrangements, edited by Ulrich Volz and Aldo Caliari, 2010.

"Risks to the Economy in 2010 Are External," Economia, 10 January 2010 (in Portuguese).

"Sense, Nonsense, and International Monetary Reform." In Estadao Sao Paulo (in Portuguese), 14 November 2010. English version appears here.

"Wanted: Renegades to raise productivity." Interview in Straits Times, 23 March 2010.

"What do the new data tell us?" With Kevin H. O'Rourke. An update of three original Vox columns comparing today’s global financial crisis to the Great Depression., 8 March 2010.

"What the Fed Must Be Thinking." In Finanz und Wirtschaft (in German), 12 November 2010. English version appears here.

"What a U.S. Double Dip Would Imply for Brazil." In Economia (in Portuguese), 5 September 2010.

"Who Should Lead the IMF?" Project Syndicate, 22 March 2010.

"Why China is Right on the Renminbi." Project Syndicate, 22 April 2010.

"A World of Multiple Reserve Currencies." Project Syndicate, 20 October 2010.

"Worries about EU Leaders." Economia Expresso (in Portuguese), 23 December 2010.

"Obamanomics: Year One and Beyond." Project Syndicate, 25 January 2010.

"Obama's Bank Plans Are Wishful Thinking." (in German) Der Standard, 23 January 2010.

"Outlook for the U.S. Economy, Monetary Policy and Financial Markets." Interview with Luciana Xavier, Estadao Sao Paolo, 17 April 2010 (in Portuguese).

"Ireland’s Reparations Burden." Handelsblatt (English translation), 2 December 2010.

"Is America Catching the 'British Disease'?." Project Syndicate, 11 November 2010.

"It Is Not Too Late for Europe." VoxEU, 7 May 2010.

"It's Time for the IMF To Tackle Currency Tensions." Institutional Investor, 30 September 2010.

"Marriage Counseling for the G-20 and the IMF." Project Syndicate, 10 August 2010.

"Monetary and Fiscal Follies." Forthcoming in Conjuntura Economica (in Portuguese), August 2010.

"A New Strategy for China." Estado Sao Paulo, 27 July 2010 (in Portuguese).

"IMF REFORM: Time to move on," Emerging, IMF/World Bank Edition, 8 October 2010.

"How To Prevent a Currency War" with Douglas Irwin, Project Syndicate, 12 October 2010.

"Hedging Bets." A review of More Money Than God by Sebastian Mallaby in Slate, 29 June 2010.

"How Housing Slumps End," with Agustin S. Benetrix and Kevin H. O'Rourke. VoxEU, 21 July 2010.

"Global Economic Governance," video from IMF/World Bank 2010 Annual Meetings, 9 October 2010.

"Globalization and the Crisis." Video of presentation for panel discussion on "The Financial Crisis and Globalisation: What Linkages?" at the 9th Munich Economic Summit, 29 April 2010.

"The Future of EMU." Forbes Croatia (in Croatian), May 2010.

"From Currency Warfare to Lasting Peace," VoxEU, 30 September 2010.

"From Great Depression to Great Credit Crisis: Causes, Consequences and Lessons." Video of lecture at Portland State University, 1 March 2010.

"Europe's Historic Gamble." Project Syndicate, 15 May 2010.

"Europe's Inevitable Haircut." Project Syndicate, 9 December 2010.

"Europe's Trojan Horse." Project Syndicate, 15 February 2010.

"Financial Shock and Awe," Foreign Policy, 6 October 2010.

"Double-Dip Recession Is the Most Likely Scenario in Europe." La Tercera (in Spanish), 16 May 2010.

"Drawing a line under Europe’s crisis.", 17 June 2010.

"Contribution to The Economist Debate on Euro Breakup.", 28 May 2010.

"China Needs a Service-Sector Revolution." Project Syndicate, 18 June 2010.

"China Should Let Yuan Appreciate for the World." Korea Times, 21 October 2010.

"Will Global Imbalances Return?" In the monthly column "The New Financial Order" appearing in Project Syndicate, 1 June 2009.

"Working together, U.S., P.R.C. can help world’s economy." In the monthly column "The New Financial Order" appearing in Project Syndicate, July 2009.

"The World Economy is Tracking or Doing Worse than the Great Depression," with Kevin O'Rourke., 6 April 2009.

"Whither Regulation?" (in German). In Finanz und Wirtschaft, 1 July 2009.

"Was the Euro a Mistake?" In, 20 Janaury 2009.

"We Must Keep Trade from Falling Off a Cliff." Article in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 February 2009.

"UNU Conversation Series: The Economic Crisis." Video interview, United Nations University, June 2009.

"South Korea’s G-20 Challenge." Project Syndicate, 24 December 2009.

"The Story of the Gold Standard." A panel discussion on Radio National's Rear Vision, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 15 July 2009.

"A Tale of Two Depressions" In, 4 June 2009.

"Roots of Our Depression." An edited version is forthcoming in Finanz und Wirtschaft. 10 March 2009.

"Searching for the Exit" (in German). Finanz und Wirtschaft, 19 December 2009.

"The protectionist temptation: Lessons from the Great Depression for today," with Douglas Irwin. Online at, 17 March 2009.

"The Primacy of Politics (Das fatale Primat der Politik)." In Financial Times Deutchland (in German), 19 August 2009.

"Pittsburgh will shape global financial system." Project Syndicate, September 20, 2009.

"Mundo não cresce mais como antes da crise (Potential for World Growth Reduced by the Crisis)." An interview in, 22 July 2009 (in Portuguese).

"It’s Not When To Exit, But Who." Appeared in Eurointelligence (, 11 November 2009.

"The Irresistible Rise of the Renminbi." Project Syndicate, 23 November 2009.

"The Great Depression and the Current Global Crisis: Parallels and Lessons." Podcast interview on "Economics Corner: IMF Podcasts," July 28, 2009.

"Green Shoots of U.S. Recovery Need Liquidity to Grow." A revised version appears in the Quarterly Review of the Getulio Vargas Foundation, 11 May 2009.

"Global Financial & Economic Crisis: What Should the G20 Do?." Webcast of panel discussion sponsored by UC Berkeley Law's Berkeley Center for Law, Business and the Economy (BCLBE), UC Berkeley Center on Institutions and Governance (IGS), and Haas School of Business on March 18, 2009.

"The G20 and the Crisis." Revision of a speech to the "Global Korea 2009" conference held in Seoul, 23 February 2009.

"G20 Summit: It's No Place to Put Out the Raging Fire," London, 1 April 2009.

"Five Ideas for Strengthening the IMF." In Responses to the Global Crisis: Charting a Progressive Path, pp. 37-39 for Policy Network's 2009 Progressive Governance Conference and Summit, March 2009.

"Europe's Turning Point." 8 March 2009.

"The effectiveness of fiscal and monetary stimulus in depressions." In, 18 November 2009.

"Emerald Isle to Golden State." Online at, 25 February 2009.

"The death-defying dollar." Project Syndicate, October 23, 2009.

"Conversations with History: Historical Perspective on the Global Economic Crisis. A Conversation with Professor Barry Eichengreen." Video produced by the Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley, 22 Janaury 2009.

"A credit crisis, not a morality play." Online at, 18 February 2009.

"Commercialise the SDR Now,", 5 May 2009.

"Competitive Devaluation to the Rescue." Online at, 18 March 2009.

"Can Asia Free Itself from the IMF?" In the monthly column "The New Financial Order" appearing in Project Syndicate, 1 July 2009.

"Battling Capital Inflows." An edited version appeared in the Korea Times, 19 November 2009.

"As Large as the Great Depression" (in German). In Sueddeutsche Zeitung, 1 July 2009.

"What G20 Leaders Must Do To Stabilise Our Economy and Fix the Financial System." An e-book edited with Richard Baldwin in November 13, 2008.

"U.S. Economy to Slump Until 2009, Fed Policy Broadly Appropriate." Interview with Barry Eichengreen (in Korean). Appears in The Korean Economic Daily, 11 March 2008.

"The United States as an Emerging Market." A German-language version appears in the Frankfurter Allgemeine in October 2008.

"Time to Grasp the Fiscal Nettle," Commentary on, 9 October 2008.

"Treasury Secretary Too Slow To Act," Op-ed in San Francisco Chronicle and online at SFGate, 13 October 2008.

"Should We Fear Another Smoot Hawley?" Commentary on Guardian On Line , 31 December 2008.

"Securitization and Financial Regulation: Pondering the New Normal." Delivered to the Fixed Income Forum, Santa Barbara, California, 23 July 2008. A revised version is forthcoming (in German) in Finanz und Wirtschaft.

"Not a New Bretton Woods but a New Bretton Woods Process." 6 November 2008.

"Now's the Time for Fiscal Support." Interview with Barry Eichengreen in Financial Times Deutschland (in German), 8 September 2008.

"The New Bretton Woods: What It Means for Europe To Lead." An edited version appears in The European Voice 30 October 2008 under the title "Europe Must Deliver and Take the Lead at Bretton Woods II."

"Korea's Options for Coping with U.S. Slump." In The Korea Herald, 20 February 2008.

"Is This the Start of Another Great Depression?" Commentary on, 8 October 2008.

"How Obama Can Fix the Economy." Commentary on, November 17, 2008.

"Global Financial Market Turmoil." Participant on a panel of scholars from UC Berkeley analyzing how the recent financial market meltdown occurred, evaluating the government's response, and explaining its impact on American households and global markets. Sponsored by UC Berkeley Institute of Governmental Studies and Berkeley Center for Law, Business and the Economy. October 2, 2008.

"The Crisis of the Euro." Commentary on Project Syndicate, 1 November 2008.

"The Credit Crisis: Final Act or Intermission?" Presented to a meeting of British CFOs, 29 April 2008.

"Back to the 'Thirties with a Twist." An edited version appeared in The Financial Times, 18 August 2008.

"Asia and Global Stagflation." In, 19 June 2008. Unedited version presented to the Asian Banking Conference at the Federal Researve Bank of San Francisco, 15 June 2008.

"Anatomy of a Financial Crisis." A shorter version appeared through Project Syndicate, September 18, 2008.

"And Now, the Great Depression." Appears on RGE Monitor, September 23, 2008.

"Why Now Is a Good Time to Sell the Dollar." In the Financial Times, 4 September 2007.

"The Way Forward for the Korean Economy." Interview in Korean Herald, 27 June 2007.

"Submerging Markets?" Appears in Global Economy and International Finance (special issue for the delegates to the IMF/World Bank annual meetings), 2007.

"The Subprime Crisis and Asia," August 2007. An edited version appears in the Korea Herald.

"Resetting Europe’s Place at the Global Financial Table" (with Alan Ahearne). In, 18 October 2007.

Review of Paul De Grauwe and Jacques Melitz, "Prospects for Monetary Unions After the Euro." Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. XLV, March 2007.

"The Mother of All Emerging Market Crises." An edited version appeared in Finanz und Wirtschaft, 5 September 2007.

"Message to Asian Investors: Fasten Your Safety Belts." An edited version appeared in the Korean Herald, 23 August 2007.

"The Message in the Financial Noise." An edited version appeared in Handelsblatt, 21 August 2007.

"Korean Economy Stuck Between Two Whales." In The Korea Times, 30 November 2007.

"Intensified Conflict (Verschärfte Konflikte)," Manager Magazine, 22 June 2007 (in German).

"The Euro: Love It or Leave It?" In, 19 November 2007.

"Europe and the Euro: Doomed to Succeed." An edited version will appear in the March 22, 2007 issue of European Voice newspaper.

"Capitalism and the Forces of Globalisation." In CESifo Bulletin, Vol 17, No. 3, July 2007.

"Asian Crisis 10 Years Later." Vox EU, 18 June 2007.

"The U.S. External Deficit Is Unsustainable: Interview with Barry Eichengreen." In La Tercera, Santiago, Chile, 12 November 2006 (in Spanish).

"Profile of Barry Eichengreen," Neue Zuricher Zeitung, 9 January 2006.

"The Next Tsunami? Preparing for a Disorderly Correction of Global Imbalances." Asian Economic Papers, 5:2, 2006.

"Mr. Greenspan's Legacy." In Borsen-Zeitung, 27 January 2006 (in German).

"Interview with Barry Eichengreen." In AmericaEconomia October/November 2006 (in Spanish).

"How to Really Reform the IMF."A translation into German appeared in Handelsblatt, 23 February 2006.

Interview: "Global Imbalances," Appears in Manager Magazine, 1 August 2006 (in German).

"Global Imbalances," Interview appearing in Turkish Times, July 2006)(in Turkish).

Review of Guillermo A. Calvo Emerging Capital Markets in Turmoil: Bad Luck or Bad Policy? Appears in Finance & Development, September 2006.

"The End of Two Housing Booms." An edited version appeared in Handelsblatt, 2 June 2006 (in German).

"Chinese Financial Reform: No Longer Time to Cross the River by Feeling the Stones." A German-language version appears in Finanz und Wirtschaft the week of 18 September 2006.

"Turbulence on the Horizon," Interview with Barry Eichengreen, Foco Magazine (Brazil), April 2005 (in Portuguese).

"A New Year for the Dollar." A Japanese translation appeared in Nihon Keizai Shimbun, January 10, 2005.

"Is the Dollar About to Lose its International Role?" A revised version in German appeared in Handelsblatt, April 2005.

Comment on Michael Dooley and Peter Garber, "Is It 1958 or 1968? Three Notes on the Revived Bretton Woods System" (Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1:2005, pp. 147-87). April 2005.

"Inscrutable China," July 2005. A German translation is in Handelsblatt.

"Entrevista: A festa dos emergentes vai acabar," October 23, 2005, B8 Economica (in Portuguese).

"The Euro after the French Referendum." Appeared in the Swiss newspaper Finanz und Wirtschaft, June 2005 (in German).

"An End to Argentina's Misery." An edited version of this piece appeared in the Swiss newspaper Finanz und Wirtschaft, December 2005 (in German).

Comment on Sebastian Edwards's paper on current account imbalances at the Jackson Hole Symposium 2005, sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, August 25-27, 2005.

"Dollar ist Deutlich Uberbewertet,", June 2005 (in German).

"The Dollar's Fall: Time for a Grand Bargain?" An edited version is in German in the Swiss newspaper Finanz und Wirtschaft, January 2005.

"Críticas a La Venta de Bonos a Venezuela" Interview with La Nacion-Argentina, December 6, 2005.

Comment on Richard Cooper, "Almost a Century of Central Bank Cooperation," presented at the 75th anniversary conference of the BIS, July 2005.

"Turkish Delight." A revised version appeared in Handelsblatt December 2004 (in German).

Review of Joseph Stiglitz, The Roaring Nineties: A New History of the World's Most Prosperous Decade. An edited version appears in the International History Review, September 2004.

Foreword to Recovery from the Asian Crisis, edited by Euamporn Tasarika (Edward Elgar 2004).

Interview on post-election prospects in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 4 November 2004 (in German).

"The Next Recession." An edited version appeared in the Financial Times under the title "Dollar's Fall Not To Be Welcomed," 20 December 2004.

"The IMF at 60." An edited version appeared in the Swiss review Finanz und Wirtschaft, September 2004.

Review of Francis J. Gavin Gold, Dollars, and Power: The Politics of International Monetary Relations, 1958-1971. A revised version appears in American Historical Review, 2004.

"Exchange Rates Are Not the Issue" (with Yung Chul Park). An edited version appears in the Financial Times, 29 March 2004.

"America's Twin Deficits: The End is Near (But Not That Near)," an edited version appeared on 15 October 2004 in the German newspaper Handelsblatt.

Review of John Gillingham European Integration 1950-2002: Superstate or New Market Economy?. An edited version appears in Foreign Affairs under the title "Putting it Together: The Foibles and Future of the European Union," July/August 2003.

"A Dose of Structural Reform for the Stability Pact." A German version appears in Handelsblatt, 2 May 2003.

"China Should Unpeg the Renminbi Now." A German version appears in the Swiss weekly Finanz und Wirtschaft, 20 August 2003.

"Britain's Euro Test," June 2003. A German version appeared in the Swiss newspaper Finanz und Wirtschaft.

"After the Stability Pact." An edited version appeared, in German, in Die Zeit in the last week of November 2003.

"What Macroeconomic Measures are Needed for Free Trade to Flourish in the Western Hemisphere?" prepared for the Organization of American States/NetAmericas Research Network on Trade in the Americas Conference on Integrating the Americas, Washington, DC, 21 - 22 November 2002. Link to program with paper and video clip. Revised version appears in Latin American Politics and Society (2004).

"U.S. Foreign Economic Policy After September 11th." An essay written for the Social Science Research Council. A revised version appears in Craig Calhoun, Paul Price and Anshley Timmers (eds.), Understand September 11th (New Press, 2002).

"A Temporary Respite for Brazil." A revised version appears in German in Finanz und Wirtschaft, 14 August 2002.

"A Stability Pact for Grown-Ups." A revised version appears in Portuguese in Espresso (August 2002).

"Making the World a Safer Financial Place." A revised version in Italian appears in La Repubblica, 30 September 2002.

"An International Solution to Financial Fragility" (with Ricardo Hausmann). An edited version appeared in The Financial Times on 22 November 2002 under the title "How to Eliminate Original Financial Sin."

Review of Joseph Stiglitz Globalization and its Discontents (Norton 2002), "The Globalization Wars." An edited-for-publication version appears in Foreign Affairs, July/August 2002.

"Whither IMF Reform?" January 2001. A revised version appeared in Finanz und Wirtschaft, January 2001.

"From Bretton Woods to Bipolarity: Singapore and the World," July 2000. Prepared for the 30th anniversary conference of the Monetary Authority of Singapore, 20 July 2001.

"The Euro: Already Here." A revised and edited version appears in TIAA-CREF Investment Forum, December 2001..

"Argentina After the IMF," August 2001. A revised version appeared in Finanz und Wirtschaft, August 2001.

"The Year of the Strong Euro?" March 2000. Preliminary version of an article in Finanz und Wirtschaft, March 2000 (in German).

"Who Mislaid the Wirtschaftswunder?" October 2000. An edited version appeared in the Financial Times, 6 October 2000.

"A Prague Scorecard," September 2000. A revised version appears in Finanz und Wirtschaft, September 2000.

"Dollarization and Sense," May 2000. Preliminary version of a note published in Business and Strategy, May 2000.

Review of Robert Gilpin, The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century, preliminary version, June 2000. A revised version appeared in the Journal of Economic Literature, March 2001.

"The Crisis of (Confidence in) Global Capitalism," preliminary version, February 1999. A revised version appears in Critical Review 14, 2001.

"One Economy, Ready or Not," review of Thomas Friedman's The Lexus and the Olive Tree, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999. A revised and edited version appears in Foreign Affairs, May/June 1999.

Introduction to: Transatlantic Economic Relations in the Post-Cold War Era, Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1998 (preliminary version).

Comment on Alesina, Perotti and Tavares, "The Political Economy of Fiscal Adjustments," preliminary version, October 1997. Click for figure. A revised version appears in Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1, 1998.

Yua Kwan and Francis Lui, "Hong Kong's Currency Board and Changing Monetary Regimes," preliminary version, July 1997. A revised version appears in Takatoshi Ito and Anne Krueger (eds), Exchange Rate Arrangements for East Asian Countries, University of Chicago Press, 1999.