This is the second of two courses in the graduate public economics sequence at Berkeley. This one-semester course covers (I) optimal labor income taxation and redistribution, labor income taxation: behavioral responses to taxes and transfers, social security and disability insurance. (II) Inequality, the distribution and taxation of wealth and capital income, and the challenges that tax systems face in a globalized world. For each topic, we combine theoretical models with empirical evidence. Each lecture is posted in pdf format with linked references. The source tex file and the pdf tables and graphs are also provided separately so that you can use and adapt this material for your own lectures (no permission needed). We would like to thank Raj Chetty and many other colleagues whose comments and lecture notes contributed to the development of these slides.